• Functioning at least two years below grade level in two or more subjects.
  • Aptitude test scores are too high for “special education” programs, but too low to succeed in regular classrooms (generally, Full Scale IQ is between 70 and 90).
  • Has poor study and organizational skills.
  • Has very low self-esteem and poor self-image as a learner, due to repeated lack of success in school.
  • May have auditory processing, speech/language difficulties, learning difficulties, learning disabilities, ADD or ADHD.